Although we often think that our health depends only on what fate has prepared for us, this really is not the case, and there are a number of factors that will undoubtedly determine our health. If our life is full of healthy habits, maintaining good nutrition and physical activity, the risk of certain types of diseases will be much lower.
This time we will tell you about seven risk factors for cardiovascular disease that we can control to precisely prevent such diseases throughout our lives. Remember that heart disease is the leading cause of death in developed countries.
High blood pressure: high blood pressure increases the risk of heart disease and stroke. Although there are medications that help control it, weight loss and regular physical activity also play an important role in keeping blood pressure at optimum levels.
Abnormal cholesterol values: cholesterol, I have spoken many times, it is necessary in our body, both LDL and HDL. Still, it is desirable to be kept at proper values, since, an excess of cholesterol could accumulate in the blood vessels and lead to what is known as atherosclerosis. Again, maintaining a healthy diet and regular exercise helps keep cholesterol at optimum levels. There are cases of people with a predisposition to have hypercholesterolemia, in this type of cases it is convenient for our doctor to check and confirm us if we should medicate ourselves.
Diabetes: Diabetes is a disorder that involves having elevated levels of blood sugar often caused by low production of insulin or resistance to it. Diabetes can affect blood vessels, even leading to heart disease. Needless to say, diet is also key for this type of people.
Cigarette smoking: there is a clear causal link between smoking and heart disease, cigarettes cause heart disease and stroke. Smoking cessation can improve survival rates for patients with heart disease within two to three years after quitting. The failure to form reduces the risk of death by 36%.
Obesity : Obesity increases heart attacks, which is why weight loss can bring great benefits in reducing the risk of heart disease and diabetes.
Physical Inactivity : A sedentary lifestyle can seriously damage health. Regular physical activity helps to raise HDL cholesterol and reduce LDL, helps maintain optimal body weight, lowers blood pressure and leads to better glycemic control in diabetic patients. In today’s society, many have jobs that keep us seated all day long, and this can greatly harm our health. We must try to move as much as possible, find holes to walk more during the day and try to avoid being seated longer after so many hours in a chair.
Unhealthy diet: in our culture today seems there is food everywhere and access to unhealthy food is quite simple. Portion sizes have increased over the last few years. For example, restaurant rations have increased by 25% in some countries, such as the United States, with respect to other countries. The availability of processed foods with empty calories, high in sugars, fat, salt and calories, is getting higher. A healthy heart diet has many fruits, vegetables, whole grains and lean meats. Diets high in saturated fats, sugars and sodium should be avoided.